• Independent non-executive directors (5.05-5.13)

    • 5.05

      Subject to the transitional provisions in rule 5.08:

      (1) every board of directors of an issuer must include at least 3 independent non-executive directors; and
      (2) at least one of the independent non-executive directors must have appropriate professional qualifications or accounting or related financial management expertise.

      Note: With regard to "appropriate accounting or related financial management expertise", the Exchange would expect the person to have, through experience as a public accountant or auditor or as a chief financial officer, controller or principal accounting officer of a public company or through performance of similar functions, experience with internal controls and in preparing or auditing comparable financial statements or experience reviewing or analysing audited financial statements of public companies. It is the responsibility of the board to determine on a case-by-case basis whether the candidate is suitable for the position. In making its decision, the board must evaluate the totality of the individual's education and experience.

    • 5.05A

      An issuer must appoint independent non-executive directors representing at least one-third of the board.

      Note: The issuer must comply with this rule by 31 December 2012.

    • 5.06

      An issuer shall immediately inform the Exchange and publish an announcement containing the relevant details and reasons if at any time the number of its independent non-executive directors falls below:

      (1) the minimum number required under rule 5.05(1) or at any time it has failed to meet the requirement set out in rule 5.05(2) regarding qualification of the independent non-executive directors; or
      (2) one-third of the board as required under rule 5.05A.

      The issuer shall appoint a sufficient number of independent non-executive directors to meet the minimum number required under rule 5.05(1) or 5.05A or appoint an independent non-executive director to meet the requirement set out in rule 5.05(2) within three months after failing to meet the requirement(s).

    • 5.07

      In addition to fulfilling the requirements and continuing obligations of rules 5.01, 5.02 and 5.09, every independent non-executive director must satisfy the Exchange that he has the character, integrity, independence and experience to fulfil his role effectively. The Exchange may stipulate a minimum number of independent non-executive directors which is higher than 3 if, in the opinion of the Exchange, the size of the board or other circumstances of the issuer justify it.

    • 5.08

      In respect of all issuers whose securities were admitted to listing on or before 31 March, 2004, the following transitional provisions apply:—

      (1) the issuer must have at least one independent non-executive director who has appropriate professional qualifications or accounting or related financial management expertise by 30 September, 2004; and
      (2) the issuer must have at least 3 independent non-executive directors by 30 September, 2004.

    • 5.09

      In assessing the independence of non-executive directors, the Exchange will take into account the following factors, none of which is necessarily conclusive. Independence is more likely to be questioned if the director:—

      (1) holds more than 1% of the number of issued shares of the issuer;
       
      Notes: 1. An issuer wishing to appoint an independent non-executive director holding an interest of more than 1% must satisfy the Exchange, prior to such appointment, that the candidate is independent. A candidate holding an interest of 5% or more will normally not be considered independent.
        2. When calculating the 1% limit set out in rule 5.09(1), the issuer must take into account the total number of shares held legally or beneficially by the director, together with the total number of shares which may be issued to the director or his nominee upon exercise of any outstanding share options, convertible securities and other rights (whether contractual or otherwise) to call for the issue of shares.
      (2) has received an interest in any securities of the issuer as a gift, or by means of other financial assistance, from a core connected person or the issuer itself. However, subject to Note 1 to rule 5.09(1), the director will still be considered independent if he receives shares or interests in securities from the issuer or its subsidiaries (but not from core connected persons) as part of his director's fee or pursuant to share option schemes established in accordance with Chapter 23;
      (3) is or was a director, partner or principal of a professional adviser which currently provides or has within two years immediately prior to the date of his proposed appointment provided services, or is or was an employee of such professional adviser who is or has been involved in providing such services during the same period, to:
      (a) the listed issuer, its holding company or any of their respective subsidiaries or core connected persons; or
      (b) any person who was a controlling shareholder or, where there was no controlling shareholder, any person who was the chief executive or a director (other than an independent non-executive director), of the listed issuer within two years immediately prior to the date of the proposed appointment, or any of their close associates;
      (4) currently, or within one year immediately prior to the date of the person's proposed appointment, has or had a material interest in any principal business activity of or is or was involved in any material business dealings with the issuer, its holding company or their respective subsidiaries or with any core connected persons of the issuer;
      (5) is on the board specifically to protect the interests of an entity whose interests are not the same as those of the shareholders as a whole;
      (6) is or was connected with a director, the chief executive or a substantial shareholder of the issuer within 2 years immediately prior to the date of his proposed appointment;

      Note: Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, any person cohabiting as a spouse with, and any child, step-child, parent, step-parent, brother, sister, stepbrother and step-sister of, a director, the chief executive or a substantial shareholder of the issuer is, for the purpose of rule 5.09(6), considered to be connected with that director, chief executive or substantial shareholder. A father-in-law, mother-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, grandparent, grandchild, uncle, aunt, cousin, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, nephew and niece of a director, the chief executive or a substantial shareholder of the issuer may in some circumstances also be considered to be so connected. In such cases, the issuer will need to provide the Exchange with all relevant information to enable the Exchange to make a determination.
      (7) is, or has at any time during the 2 years immediately prior to the date of his proposed appointment been, an executive or a director (other than an independent non-executive director) of the issuer, of its holding company or of any of their respective subsidiaries or of any core connected persons of the issuer;

      Note: An "executive" includes any person who has any management function in the company and any person who acts as a company secretary of the company.
      (8) is financially dependent on the issuer, its holding company or any of their respective subsidiaries or core connected persons of the issuer.

      Independent non-executive directors shall submit to the Exchange a written confirmation which must state:
      (a) their independence as regards each of the factors referred to in rule 5.09(1) to (8);
      (b) their past or present financial or other interest in the business of the issuer or its subsidiaries or any connection with any core connected person (as such term is defined in the GEM Listing Rules) of the issuer, if any; and
      (c) that there are no other factors that may affect their independence the same time as the submission of the declaration, undertaking and acknowledgement in the relevant form set out in Appendix 6.
      Each independent non-executive director shall inform the Exchange as soon as practicable if there is any subsequent change of circumstances which may affect his independence and must provide an annual confirmation of his independence to the issuer. The issuer must confirm in each of its annual reports whether it has received such confirmation and whether it still considers the independent non-executive director to be independent.
       
      Notes: 1. The factors set out in rule 5.09 are included for guidance only and are not intended to be exhaustive. The Exchange may take account of other factors relevant to a particular case in assessing independence.
        2. When determining the independence of a director under rule 5.09, the same factors should also apply to the director's immediate family members. "Immediate family member" is defined under rule 20.10(1)(a).

    • 5.10

      Where a proposed independent non-executive director fails to meet any of the independence guidelines set out in rule 5.09, the issuer must demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Exchange, prior to the proposed appointment, that the person is independent. The issuer must also disclose the reasons why such person is considered to be independent in the announcement of his appointment as well as in the next annual report published after his appointment. In cases of doubt, the issuer must consult the Exchange at an early stage.

    • 5.11

      Independent non-executive directors who were appointed by issuers on or before 31 March, 2004 shall submit to the Exchange a written confirmation in respect of the factors set out in rule 5.09 concerning their independence no later than 30 September, 2004.

    • 5.12

      If an independent non-executive director resigns or is removed from office, both the issuer and the individual should immediately notify the Exchange, in each case stating the reasons therefor.

    • 5.12A [Repealed]

      [Repealed 1 March 2019]

    • 5.13 [Repealed]

      [Repealed 1 January 2005]

    • 5.13A

      Directors of a listed issuer shall inform the Exchange (in the manner prescribed by the Exchange from time to time):

      (1) as soon as reasonably practicable after their appointment, their telephone number, mobile phone number, facsimile number (if available), email address (if available), residential address and contact address (if different from the residential address) for correspondence from and service of notices and other documents by the Exchange;
      (2) for so long as they remain as directors of the issuer, any change to the contact information as described in sub-rule (1) as soon as reasonably practicable and in any event within 28 days of such change; and
      (3) for a period of 3 years from the date on which they cease to be directors of the issuer, any change to the contact information as described in sub-rule (1) as soon as reasonably practicable and in any event within 28 days of such change.

      Any correspondence from and/or service of notices and other documents by the Exchange to the directors when they are directors of the listed issuer or after they cease to be so, for whatever purposes (including but not limited to the service of notice of disciplinary proceedings) shall be deemed to have been validly and adequately served on them when the document or notice is served personally or is sent by post, facsimile or email to the address or number they provide to the Exchange.  It is the responsibility of directors and former directors to keep the Exchange informed of their up-to-date contact details.  If directors or former directors fail to provide the Exchange with their up-to-date contact details or arrange for notices, documents or correspondence to be forwarded to them, they may be not alerted to any proceedings commenced against them by the Exchange.