Entire Section

  • Interpretative Letters

    This section contains extracts of Listing Division's letters to issuers, interpreting the Listing Rules on specific listing matters.

    Rejection Letter (RL) – This series comprises a selection of letters explaining the Division's rejection of specific listing applications.

    No Further Disciplinary Action (Guidance) Letter (LEGL) - This series comprises a selection of letters issued following investigation of suspected breaches of the Rules and where the Division decided not to pursue disciplinary action. The letters communicate the Division's interpretation or expectations as to the conduct of an issuer and its directors and are now published for general guidance and to promote transparency about the disposal of potential disciplinary matters.

    Please visit Archive to view marked-up versions and versions that have been superseded or withdrawn.

    • 2009

      This section contains extracts of Listing Division's letters to issuers, interpreting the Listing Rules on specific listing matters.

      Rejection Letter (RL) – This series comprises a selection of letters explaining the Division's rejection of specific listing applications.

      No Further Disciplinary Action (Guidance) Letter (LEGL) - This series comprises a selection of letters issued following investigation of suspected breaches of the Rules and where the Division decided not to pursue disciplinary action. The letters communicate the Division's interpretation or expectations as to the conduct of an issuer and its directors and are now published for general guidance and to promote transparency about the disposal of potential disciplinary matters.

      Please visit Archive to view marked-up versions and versions that have been superseded or withdrawn.

      Date (mm/yyyy) Reference Number Particulars Listing Rules Document Type Content Category
      04/2009 RL25-09 LETTER 1 - Extracts of the decision letter of the Head of Listing.LETTER 2 - Extracts of the decision letter of the GEM Listing Committee on review. LETTER 3 - Extracts of the decision letter of the GEM Listing (Review) Committee on review.

      (Withdrawn in March 2019)
      GEM Rule 11.06 Rejection Letter New Applicants

    • 2008

      This section contains extracts of Listing Division's letters to issuers, interpreting the Listing Rules on specific listing matters.

      Rejection Letter (RL) – This series comprises a selection of letters explaining the Division's rejection of specific listing applications.

      No Further Disciplinary Action (Guidance) Letter (LEGL) - This series comprises a selection of letters issued following investigation of suspected breaches of the Rules and where the Division decided not to pursue disciplinary action. The letters communicate the Division's interpretation or expectations as to the conduct of an issuer and its directors and are now published for general guidance and to promote transparency about the disposal of potential disciplinary matters.

      Please visit Archive to view marked-up versions and versions that have been superseded or withdrawn.

      Date (mm/yyyy) Reference Number Particulars Listing Rules Document Type Content Category
      12/2008 LEGL07-08 Guidance on replying to unusual trading movement enquiries from the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong and ensuring accuracy in the subsequent announcements when there are ongoing business negotiations relating to intended acquisitions or realisations GEM Rules 17.11, 17.56(2) No Further
      Disciplinary
      Action
      (Guidance)
      Letter
      Listed Issuers
      12/2008 LEGL05-08 Guidance on ensuring and achieving accuracy and completeness in disclosure Rule 2.13 (2) No Further
      Disciplinary
      Action
      (Guidance)
      Letter
      Listed Issuers
      11/2008 RL24-08 LETTER 1 - The GEM Listing Approval Group of the Listing Division rejected the listing application of the Company for the reason that the Company was not able to comply with the minimum operating cash flow requirement under GEM Listing Rule 11.12A(1) after excluding an adjustment for a non-cash item in relation to the settlement of certain employment-related expenses directly by the immediate holding company of the Company. LETTER 2 - The GEM Listing Committee upheld the Listing Division's rejection decision.

      (Withdrawn in April 2019)
      GEM Rule 11.12A(1) Rejection Letter New Applicants
      11/2008 LEGL04-08 Guidance on compliance with the announcement requirement in the event of delay in the completion of an intended notifiable transaction Rule 14.36 No Further Disciplinary Action (Guidance) Letter Listed Issuers
      11/2008 LEGL03-08 Guidance on who constitutes a connected person of an issuer

      Guidance on what procedures an issuer should adopt to ensure compliance with the connected transactions provisions in the Listing Rules

      (Updated in July 2014)
      Rules 2.13,
      14A.35,
      14A.36,
      14A.46
      and
      14A.48
      No Further
      Disciplinary
      Action
      (Guidance)
      Letter
      Listed Issuers
      11/2008 LEGL01-08 Guidance on arrangements to maintain effective accounting procedures and controls following the implementation of revised accounting standards Rule 2.13 (2) No Further
      Disciplinary
      Action
      (Guidance)
      Letter
      Listed Issuers

      • LEGL07-08

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        HKEx LISTING ENFORCEMENT GUIDANCE LETTER
        Cite as HKEx-LEGL07-08 (December 2008)

        Summary
        Listing Rule GEM Listing Rules 17.11 and 17.56(2)
        Subject Guidance on replying to unusual trading movement enquiries from the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong and ensuring accuracy in the subsequent announcements when there are ongoing business negotiations relating to intended acquisitions or realizations
        Contents Extracts of a No Further Action (Guidance) letter from the authorised signatory of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong

        [*Date]

        [Name and Address of Listed Issuer]

        Dear Sirs,

        [Name of Listed Issuer] (the "Company", together with its subsidiaries, the "Group")
        No Further Action: Guidance

        The Listing Division ("Division") refers to earlier correspondence concerning the captioned matter resting with your letter dated [*day *month *year]. Capitalized terms used in this letter have the same meanings as they are defined in the Company's announcements dated [*day *month *year] and [*day *month *year], unless otherwise stated.

        Materials Reviewed

        The Division refers to the following materials which have been reviewed:

        1. the Company's announcement dated [*day *month *year] ("First Announcement");
        2. the Company's announcement dated [*day *month *year] ("Second Announcement");
        3. letters from [*name of solicitors] on behalf of the Company and the Relevant Directors to the Division dated [*day *month *year], [*day *month *year], [*day *month *year], [*day *month *year], [*day *month *year] and [*day *month *year]; and
        4. letters from [*name of solicitors] on behalf of the Company and the current Directors to the Division dated [*day *month *year] and [*day *month *year].

        Thank you for the information and materials provided by the Company and the Relevant Directors which enable the Division to have a clearer understanding of the matter.

        Facts

        1. On [*day *month *year (day 1)], in response to the Division's enquiries at around [*time] on unusual trading price and volume movements in the Company's shares, the Company published the First Announcement pursuant to Rule 17.11 of the GEM Listing Rules ("GLR") after the market closed, which stated inter alia that the Directors were not aware of any reason for the unusual movements, and that there were no negotiations or agreements relating to intended acquisitions or realizations which were discloseable under Chapters 19 to 20 of the GLR.
        2. On [*day *month *year (day 6)], being the next business day after publication of the First Announcement, the Company informed the Division that an independent third party had approached the Relevant Directors in early [*month *year] for a possible acquisition of a majority interest in the Company, which if implemented would result in a change in control of the Company as well as a consequential general offer for the outstanding shares. The Company requested a suspension of trading from [*time] on [*day *month *year (day 6)].
        3. On [*day *month *year (day 7)], the Company published a clarification announcement disclosing the Proposal, i.e. the Second Announcement, before the market opened. Trading resumed on the same day. In the Second Announcement, the Company stated that it had inadvertently omitted to disclose information which may be discloseable under GLR17.10, and that subsequent to the issue of the First Announcement, the Board was informed by the Relevant Directors that they had been approached by an independent third party in early [*month] regarding the possible acquisition.

        Comment

        The submissions from the Company and the Relevant Directors referred to above received during the course of our investigation into this matter revealed that the Relevant Directors had been in negotiation with an independent third party regarding different forms of business cooperation since early [*month *year]. In early [*month], the independent third party made a unilateral Proposal, in draft form, to the Relevant Directors in relation to the acquisitions of a majority interest in the Company. As the Proposal had yet to be discussed between the parties concerned, the Relevant Directors considered the Proposal to be preliminary and that the Company was not under any obligation to disclose the Proposal in the First Announcement.

        Based on the materials available, the Division is of the view that there is prima facie evidence that the First Announcement was not accurate and complete in all material respects as required by GLR17.56(2) because it contained a confirmation that there were no negotiations relating to intended acquisitions or realizations which were discloseable under Chapters 19 to 20 of the GLR which does not appear to have been the case.

        Action

        Having reviewed the materials made available to the Division, the Division is of the view that the inaccurate and incomplete disclosure in the First Announcement may in other circumstances have led to disciplinary action against the Company and the Relevant Directors.

        Further, the Relevant Directors remain liable for actions they took as directors of the Company despite their subsequent resignation from the Board, and disciplinary action could be taken against them subsequent to their resignation.

        However, the Division has decided not to take any further disciplinary action. In coming to this decision the Division has taken into account the following factors and conduct subsequent to the events in question.

        The Division notes that in respect of what we believe to be the inaccurate and incomplete disclosure in the First Announcement, the Relevant Directors were prompt in taking remedial actions, including the request for suspension in trading of the Company's shares pending publication of a clarification announcement, and the publication of the Second Announcement. As a result, there was no trading in the Company's shares between the publication of the First Announcement and the Second Announcement and in the circumstances the First Announcement made may not have impacted on shareholders to a significant degree.

        The Division has also noted the subsequent change in control and complete change in Board composition of the Company since the conduct covered by our investigation. We note however that the information available to us indicates that the Relevant Directors (i.e. those in office at the material time) are still currently occupying management positions within the Group.

        It should be noted that our decision is not and should not be interpreted as an agreement on the Company's assessment of the price-sensitivity of the relevant matters or an endorsement in any way of the Company's conduct in this case. Please also note that our decision in this case is based on the facts and circumstances prevailing at the material time, and does not serve as a precedent for other cases or apparently similar factual scenarios which given the passage of time or difference in circumstances may be treated differently.

        Guidance

        1. A fundamental principle underlying listed issuers' announcements and other disclosures made under the GLR is that they must be timely, accurate and complete, and not misleading or deceptive. In the context of responding to enquiries made of listed issuers by the Division concerning unusual movements in trading of the relevant listed securities, notwithstanding the standard form wording given in Note 2 of GLR17.11, issuers and their directors should exercise great caution before giving a blanket negative confirmation relating to the presence of negotiations or agreements referred to under GLR17.11. Failure to do so may result in a breach of GLR17.56(2). We would also draw your attention to the Exchange's announcement of 11 September 2006 which provides guidance on timeliness and accuracy of disclosure of price-sensitive information.
        2. In responding to price alert enquiries from the Division, while the Division appreciates confidentiality concerns regarding ongoing business negotiations, where there is unusual trading movement triggering enquiries from the Division under GLR17.11, the Company is required, in addition to giving confirmations about directors' dealings and matters discloseable under GLR17.10, to also notify the Division of ongoing business negotiations relating to intended acquisitions or realizations discloseable under Chapters 19 to 20 of the GLR. This obligation is separate and distinct from the wider continuing disclosure obligations to shareholders and the market contained in Chapter 17 of the GLR.
        3. If there is doubt regarding whether there is an obligation to make public disclosure of any negotiation or agreement, the Company and its Directors are encouraged to consult the Division and/or seek professional advice as to the Company's disclosure obligations in the circumstances. Towards this end and for good corporate governance, the Company and its Directors are also encouraged to actively record their deliberations on disclosure obligations and GLR applicability regarding each particular set of circumstances.
        4. The Division also notes from the submissions that in this case what we believe to be the inaccurate and incomplete disclosure in the First Announcement appears to have at its root a lack of, or in any event inadequate or ineffective, communication amongst members of the Board at the material time. To improve corporate governance and GLR compliance, the management of the Company is encouraged to create and implement (if they have not already done so), an internal management process which facilitates timely and effective communication amongst members of the Board, access to external professional advice, as well as regular internal training on GLR compliance and corporate governance, in particular with respect to assessment of price-sensitive information.

        Invitation

        We invite the board of Directors of the Company and the Relevant Directors to comment on this letter if they wish. Your submission, together with this letter, will be placed on the compliance files of the Company and the Relevant Directors. No further action will be taken in respect of this matter which is now considered closed.

        Publicity

        We wish to inform you that, at an appropriate time, the Division may, in the discharge of its regulatory function, publicize certain facts and guidance given in this letter. This would be done on an anonymous and redacted basis, to explain our views on the issues raised by this case for the benefit of the market as a whole. If such disclosure is made it may be published on our website and in our quarterly publication "Exchange".

        Yours faithfully,
        For and on behalf of
        The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited

        [Signed]

        [Authorised Signatory]

      • LEGL05-08

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        HKEx LISTING ENFORCEMENT GUIDANCE LETTER
        Cite as HKEx-LEGL05-08 (December 2008)

        Summary
        Listing Rule Main Board Listing Rule 2.13(2)
        Subject Guidance on ensuring and achieving accuracy and completeness in disclosure
        Contents Extracts of a No Further Action (Guidance) letter from the authorised signatory of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong

        [*Date]

        [Name and Address of Listed Issuer]

        Dear Sirs,

        [Name of Listed Issuer] (the "Company")
        Announcement dated [*day*month*year]
        No Further Action: Guidance

        We refer to earlier correspondence concerning the captioned matter resting with the letter of [*name of solicitors] to the Listing Division ("Division") dated [*day*month*year]. Unless otherwise stated, the terms and abbreviations in the Company's announcement dated [*day*month*year] (the "Announcement") are adopted in this letter.

        Materials Reviewed

        The Division refers to the following materials which have been reviewed:

        1. the Company's announcements dated [*day*month*year], [*day*month*year] and the Announcement; and
        2. [*name of solicitors'] submissions on behalf of the Company and [*name of the Chairman], one dated [*day*month*year], one dated [*day*month*year], one dated [*day*month*year] and two dated [*day*month*year] together with the enclosures to these letters.

        Thank you for the information and materials provided by the Company which enable the Division to have a clearer understanding of the matter.

        Facts

        In the Announcement the Company disclosed to shareholders and the market information relating to a substantial acquisition that it was proposing to make. In summary:

        1. [*Name of the subsidiary], a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, [*name of the Chairman] and the Company had entered into an agreement dated [*day*month*year] (the "Agreement") under which [*name of the subsidiary] was to acquire from [*name of the Chairman] one issued share of [*Company A] (being 100% issued share capital of [*Company A] for a consideration of HK$[*no.] to be satisfied by the Company's issuance of [*a specified number of] new shares of the Company to [*name of the Chairman] at the [*date of completion].
        2. [*Name of the Chairman] was at the time the Chairman, an Executive Director and the controlling shareholder of the Company. He was also the sole director and sole ultimate beneficial owner of [*Company A]. [*Company A] is an investment holding company incorporated in [*name of the country] which was intended to be used by [*name of the Chairman] to hold a [*x]% equity interest in the [*name of JV]. The JV was the sole beneficial owner and developer of a residential and commercial property development project in the [*name of country] as identified in the Announcement.
        3. A statement was made in the Announcement dated [*day*month*year] to the effect that "[*Company A] did not hold any equity interest in the JV" which was owned at the time as to [*x]% by [*Company B] and [*y]% by [*Company C] (the "Statement").
        4. The transaction was a very substantial acquisition and a connected transaction for the Company. The Company dispatched a circular in relation to the Agreement on [*day*month*year]. At the EGM on [*day*month*year], the Company obtained independent shareholders' approval of the Agreement which was duly completed on [*day*month*year].
        5. A complaint was subsequently received by the Division concerning the accuracy of the information given in the Announcement as to the ownership of the JV. As a result the Division has undertaken enquiries during the course of which the Company has denied any breach of the Listing Rules concerning the Statement made in the Announcement.

        Comment

        We have reviewed and carefully considered the materials more particularly described above from which we note the following:

        The JV was formed as a [*nature of enterprise] on [*day*month*year], and until [*day*month*year], was owned as to [*x]% by [*Company B] and [*y]% by [*Company C] (the "Original Shareholding") and was described as such in the Announcement.

        In [*month*year], various agreements were entered into by the existing shareholders of the JV namely [*Company B], [*Company C] with [*Company A] with a view to joining [*Company A] as a third shareholder of the JV. However these agreements expressly provided that such new shareholdings were not to be effective until after fulfillment of two conditions (i) registration and certification of the payment in full of the respective capital contribution towards the JV's increased registered capital of RMB[*no.]; and (ii) the issuing of the revised business licence to the JV (the "Conditions"). It is our understanding that the agreements were entered into so as to facilitate the JV's application to the relevant authority for a change of status to [*nature of enterprise] paving the path for the deal contemplated at the time and which was subsequently agreed and disclosed in the Announcement.

        In [*month*year], a revised business licence was issued to the JV by the appropriate [*name of country] Government body. This document records a change of status of the JV with effect from [*day*month*year]. This document indicates that one if not both of the Conditions referred to above had yet to be fulfilled. Thus it appears that there were some grounds for adopting the position stated in the Announcement as to the status of [*Company A] in the JV as at the date of publication. However the absence of any narrative as to the important events taking place between [*month] and [*month*year] is a matter of concern impacting on the quality of disclosure and information available to shareholders.

        The Division takes the view that disclosure of the events from [*month*year] to [*month*year] which directly concerned and resulted in the shareholdings in the JV at the time of the Announcement could be material information directly relevant to the then existing shareholdings in the JV. This is particularly so, given the Company's ultimate target under the Agreement was the acquisition through [*Company A] of [*x]% effective interest in the JV. Any inaccuracy or incompleteness of information provided to shareholders could have serious and far-reaching implications as to (a) the existence of proper title and interest in the JV of the proposed vendor from whom [*Company A] was to acquire the [*x]% shareholdings in the JV; and (b) in turn the Company's acquisition of valid and proper title to [*x]% effective interest in the JV; and consequently on the decisions made by shareholders as to the resolutions placed before them.

        Action

        The Company has acknowledged in its submissions to the Division that having reviewed the relevant documents in responding to the Division's enquiries, "the Company agrees that more disclosure of shareholdings in [*the JV] (in particular the arrangement joining [*Company A] as a shareholder to facilitate the regulatory application procedures) could have been made in the Announcement provided it was carefully worded so as not to mislead the public that [*Company A] already had at the time, any lawful rights as a shareholder of [*the JV]."

        We have considered all of the foregoing information. We have concluded that no further regulatory action is appropriate or necessary. In coming to this decision we have noted the concession made by the Company as to the completeness of the disclosure made in the Announcement. We have also noted that, as disclosed in the Announcement, completion of the transaction was subject to conditions including the provision of a legal opinion by the [*name of country] legal adviser to [*name of the subsidiary] that [*Company A] is the lawful owner of [*x]% of the registered capital of the JV free and clear of encumbrances; and further that this condition and all other conditions have been fulfilled leading to completion on [*day*month*year].

        We do believe however that the circumstances of this case do require that we comment on the process adopted by the Company and the following guidance be offered in order to inform the future performance of the Company in relation to matters relating to corporate governance.

        Guidance

        1. We would remind the Company and its directors that under Rule 2.13 of the Listing Rules, information contained in announcements, circulars and other disclosure made by listed issuers pursuant to the Listing Rules must be accurate and complete in all material respects and not be misleading or deceptive. It is the responsibility of the directors to ensure that the issuer's regulatory announcements and other disclosures comply with Rule 2.13. This is particularly so for those directors who are actively involved in their preparation and had knowledge of the relevant matters which are the subject of the relevant disclosure.
        2. Timely disclosure of information by listed issuers to the investing public and the market is of utmost importance towards ensuring a fair, orderly and efficient securities market in Hong Kong. Shareholders and investors base their investment decisions on information available in the market. In the case where a proposed transaction is subject to shareholders' approval, shareholders have to rely on information provided by the listed issuer and its management about the proposed transaction in their consideration of whether to approve the transaction and the quality of such information thereby underpins their investment decisions.
        3. We note that the directors did not seek professional advice for example from [*name of country] lawyers to confirm the accuracy of this view they had reached or from Hong Kong lawyers from the perspective of Rule 2.13 compliance as regards the Announcement. The Division wishes to remind the Directors that in appropriate cases, it is advisable that they take professional advice with a view to ensuring Listing Rule compliance. In this case, the Division believes it would have been prudent and necessary that Directors of the Company sought professional advice before acting on the view they had reached.
        4. We accept that an assessment of materiality will depend on the facts of a given case. However where issues of materiality arise, the Division considers management should and would urge management again to seek independent and professional advice to ensure that the Company's Listing Rule obligations are complied with in a timely manner.
        (i) The Division would also stress the need for the Company to have in place an effective internal control system to embed its disclosure and other compliance obligations under the Listing Rules and to provide appropriate guidance for senior management as to how such obligations could properly be fulfilled.
        (ii) Directors of the Company should be aware of their responsibilities towards the Company's shareholders and the market in procuring the Company's due and timely compliance with its Listing Rule obligations. In this regard, the Division would urge the Directors of the Company to undergo training on compliance and corporate governance matters, so as to increase and refresh their knowledge on these matters. Compliance and corporate governance best practices are being constantly revised to reflect changing market expectations, and in consequence it is vital that management engage in a regular programme of continuing education as to their duties and responsibilities.

        Invitation to Comment

        We invite the board of directors of the Company to comment on this letter if they wish. Your submission, together with this letter, will be placed on the Company's compliance file. No further action will be taken in respect of this matter which is now considered closed.

        Publicity

        We wish to inform you that, at an appropriate time, the Division may, in the discharge of its regulatory function, publicize certain facts and guidance given in this letter. This would be done on an anonymous and redacted basis, to explain our views on the issues raised by this case for the benefit of the market as a whole. If such disclosure is made it may be published on our website and in our quarterly publication "Exchange".

        Yours faithfully,
        For and on behalf of
        The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited

        [Signed]

        [Authorised Signatory]

      • LEGL04-08

        View Current PDFView Current PDF

        HKEx LISTING ENFORCEMENT GUIDANCE LETTER
        Cite as HKEx-LEGL04-08 (November 2008)

        Summary
        Listing Rule Main Board Listing Rule 14.36
        Subject Guidance on compliance with the announcement requirement in the event of delay in the completion of an intended notifiable transaction
        Contents Extracts of a No Further Action (Guidance) letter from an authorised signatory of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong

        [*date]

        [Name and Address of Listed Issuer]

        Dear Sirs,

        [Name of Listed Issuer] (the "Company")
        Rule 14.36 of the Listing Rules
        No Further Action: Guidance

        We refer to earlier correspondence concerning the captioned matter resting with the Company's letter dated [*day *month *year].

        Materials Reviewed

        The Listing Division (the "Division") refers to the following materials which have been reviewed:-

        1. the Company's announcement dated [*day *month *year] (the "Announcement"); and
        2. the Company's submissions dated [*day *month *year].

        Thank you for the information and materials provided which enables the Division to have a clearer understanding of the matter.

        Facts

        1. On [*day *month *year], the Company and [*name of company] (collectively the "Purchasers") entered into sale and purchase agreements with [*name of company] and [*name of company] (collectively the "Vendors") in respect of an intended acquisition of an aggregate of a [*%] interest in [*name of target company] (the "Intended Acquisition"). The sale and purchase agreements referred to above were supplemented by agreements dated [*day *month *year]. The agreements signed on [*day *month] and [*day *month *year] are collectively referred to in this letter as the "Sale and Purchase Agreements".
        2. The Intended Acquisition constituted a major transaction of the Company for the purposes of the Listing Rules. Pursuant to the terms of the Sale and Purchase Agreements, the long-stop date for the Intended Acquisition (the "Completion Date") was [*day *month *year (initial intended date for completion)].
        3. On [*day *month *year], supplemental agreements were entered into between the Purchasers and the Vendors to extend the Completion Date for [*number] days to [*month *year (first extended date for completion)] (the "First Supplemental Agreements"). This information was disclosed by the Company in its announcement dated [*day *month *year].
        4. On [*day *month *year], the Purchasers and the Vendors entered into further supplemental agreements to further extend the Completion Date to [*day *month *year (second extended date for completion)] (the "Second Supplemental Agreements"). No disclosure to shareholders and the market was made at that time.
        5. The Company published the Announcement on [*day *month *year] (about [*number] months later) to disclose the signing of the Second Supplemental Agreements and the further delay in the completion of the Intended Acquisition (the "Completion").
        6. The Intended Acquisition did not however proceed to completion and the Sale and Purchase Agreements lapsed on [*day *month *year]. Disclosure of this event was made by the Company on [*day *month *year].
        7. The submissions received from the Company indicate that no independent or professional advice was sought by the Company at the material time regarding the Company's obligations under the Listing Rules in connection with the signing of the Second Supplemental Agreements or the further delay in Completion.

        Comment

        1. Rule 14.36 of the Listing Rules provides that "Where a transaction previously announced pursuant to this Chapter is terminated or there is any material variation to its terms or material delay in the completion of the agreement, the listed issuer must as soon as practicable announce this fact by means of an announcement......".
        2. The Company has denied any breach of Rule 14.36 of the Listing Rules in connection with the timing of the disclosure of the further extension of the Completion Date.
        3. Having considered the submissions and materials available, the Division is of the preliminary view that there may have been a breach of Rule 14.36 in respect of the Company's failure to timely disclose the signing of the Second Supplemental Agreements and the further extension of the Completion Date for [*number] months (from [*month *year (first extended date for completion)] to [*month *year (second extended date for completion)] as provided for under the First Supplemental Agreements and the Second Supplemental Agreements respectively).
        4. We note that the Company submitted that it had been reassured by [*name of target company] that the only outstanding condition [portion of letter purposely omitted] would be fulfilled shortly after the signing of the Second Supplemental Agreements. The Company might have genuinely believed that the outstanding condition to the Sale and Purchase Agreements could be fulfilled shortly after [*month *year (date of signing of the Second Supplemental Agreements)] and that there would not be any material delay in Completion at the time. For the avoidance of doubt, the Division does not challenge this assertion for the purposes of this letter and no conclusion has been drawn by the Division as to the Company's assertions on this point.
        5. However, the Division is of the view that the fact that Completion had still not taken place for over [*number] months after the signing of the Second Supplemental Agreements rendered the further delay a material one giving rise to the obligation to make an announcement under Rule 14.36 as soon as practicable after [*day *month *year (date of signing of the Second Supplemental Agreements)]. This is particularly so when the market was already aware of the delay in Completion following the signing of the First Supplemental Agreements, which was disclosed on [*day *month *year]. Given the public information already then in the market, there was in our view a legitimate expectation on the part of shareholders and the market that Completion would take place the latest by [*month *year (first extended date for completion)]. The further extension of the Completion Date meant that the expectation was no longer realistic, and the Company was therefore under an obligation to update shareholders and the investing public with the new information regarding a possible further delay in the Completion.

        However, after considering all of the material available as described above and taking into account the following factors, the Division does not intend to take any further action on this matter:-

        (a) the clean compliance history of the Company since its securities were first listed on the Exchange in [*month *year];
        (b) the conduct referred to in this letter appears to be a one-off incident. The Division notes that there were [*number] further extensions of the Completion Date following the signing of the Second Supplemental Agreements in [*month *year (date of signing of the Second Supplemental Agreements)] and the relevant subsequent supplemental agreements were promptly disclosed by the Company in compliance with Rule 14.36 on each occasion by announcements dated [*day *month *year], [*day *month *year] and [*day *month *year]; and
        (c) remedial measures taken by the Company since these events, such as the training organised for the senior management of the Company in [*month *year] and the circulation of a compliance manual in [*month *year].

        However, the Division is of the view that the following guidance may be useful to improve the Company's corporate governance in the future.

        Guidance

        1. In this case, the obligation to comply with the announcement requirement under Rule 14.36 arises as soon as there is any material variation of the terms or material delay in the completion of a transaction which is required to be announced pursuant to Chapter 14. Any delay in making the necessary announcement would not serve the purpose of Rule 14.36 which is to safeguard the timely disclosure by listed issuers to shareholders and investors, which in turn contributes towards an open, transparent and orderly market.
        2. We accept that an assessment of materiality will depend on the facts of a given case. However where issues of materiality arise, in connection with the application of Rule 14.36 and other rules, the Division considers management should and would urge management to seek independent and professional advice to ensure that the Company's Listing Rule obligations are complied with in a timely manner. This is particularly so in the circumstances of this case, when the Company's shareholders and the investing public were already in possession of information relating to the delay in Completion which was disclosed in the Company's announcement dated [*day *month *year].
        3. In the absence of any sound and cogent reasons to the contrary, the best practice for issuers should be to make further and timely disclosure of information to shareholders and the market.
        4. The Division would stress the need for the Company to have in place an effective internal control system to embed its disclosure and other compliance obligations under the Listing Rules and to provide appropriate guidance for senior management as to how such obligations could properly be fulfilled. We note that the Company has taken steps in this direction with the preparation and circulation of a written compliance manual in [*month *year].
        5. Directors of the Company should be aware of their responsibilities towards the Company's shareholders and the market in procuring the Company's due and timely compliance with its Listing Rule obligations. In this regard, the Division would urge the Directors of the Company to undergo training on compliance and corporate governance matters, so as to increase and refresh their knowledge on these matters. Again the Division notes the action taken by the Directors on this point in [*month *year]. However, compliance and corporate governance best practices are being constantly revised to reflect changing market expectations, and in consequence it is vital that management engage in a regular programme of continuing education as to their duties and responsibilities.

        Invitation

        We invite the board of Directors of the Company to comment on this letter if they wish. Your submission, together with this letter, will be placed on the Company's compliance file. No further action will be taken in respect of this matter which is now considered closed.

        Publicity

        We wish to inform you that at an appropriate time, the Division may, in the discharge of its regulatory function, publicise the facts and guidance given in this letter. This would be done on an anonymous and redacted basis, to explain our views on the issues raised by this case for the benefit of the market as a whole. If such disclosure is made it may be published on our website and in our quarterly publication "Exchange".

        Yours faithfully,
        For and on behalf of
        The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited

        [Signed]
        [Authorised Signatory]

      • LEGL03-08

        View Current PDFView Current PDF

        HKEx LISTING ENFORCEMENT GUIDANCE LETTER
        Cite as HKEx-LEGL03-08 (Published in November 2008) (Updated in July 2014)

        Summary
        Listing Rule Main Board Listing Rules 2.13, 14A.35, 14A.36, 14A.46 and 14A.48
        Subject
        •   Guidance on who constitutes a connected person of an issuer
        •   Guidance on what procedures an issuer should adopt to ensure compliance with the connected transactions provisions in the Listing Rules.
        Contents Based on and modified from a No Further Action (Guidance) letter from an authorised signatory of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong

        [*date]

        [Name and Address of Listed Issuer]

        Dear Sirs,

        [*Name of Listed Issuer] Limited (the "Company")
        No further action: Guidance Letter

        We refer to the earlier correspondence concerning the captioned matter resting with the letter (with enclosures) from [*name of solicitors], the Company's solicitors, dated [*day *month *year] (the "Company's Submission").

        Materials Reviewed

        The Listing Division (the "Division") refers to the following materials which have been reviewed:

        1. the Company's announcement (the "Acquisition Announcement") dated [*day *month *year];
        2. the Company's Submission dated [*day *month *year];
        3. the submission by [*name of NED], a then non-executive director of the Company, through his solicitors, [*name of solicitors], dated [*day *month *year]; and
        4. the Company's announcement (the "Termination Announcement") dated [*day *month *year] in relation to the termination of the Acquisition;

        Thank you for the information and material provided by the Company which enables to Division to have a clearer understanding of the matter.

        Facts

        1. On [*day *month *year], the Company and [*name of subsidiary] (the "Purchaser") entered into an Agreement with [*name of individual] whereby the Purchaser agreed to acquire and [*name of individual] agreed to dispose of his entire interest in [*name of a company] at a consideration of [*amount] (equivalent to approximately [*amount]) (the "Acquisition").
        2. According to the submissions referred to above, [*name of NED] informed the Company that [*name of individual] was his sister's boyfriend at the time when the Acquisition was entered into in [*month *year]. [*name of NED] apparently first met [*name of individual] together with his sister in [*month *year], and his sister introduced [*name of individual] to [*name of NED] as her boyfriend. Based on this representation, the Board allegedly reviewed, considered and concluded that [*name of individual]'s, relationship with [*name of NED]'s sister, would not render him a connected person of the Company under Chapter 14A of the Listing Rules.
        3. On [*day *month *year], the Company published an announcement in relation to the Acquisition. It was stated in the Acquisition Announcement that [*name of individual] was a third party independent and not connected to the Company. On [*day *month *year], the Company published a circular in relation to the Acquisition. It was stated in the circular that [*name of individual] was a third party independent and not connected to the Company.
        4. In fact, it emerged from a complaint sent to the Division on [*day *month *year] that [*name of individual] and [*name of NED]'s sister had been married since [*month *year]. [*name of individual] was therefore the brother-in-law of [*name of NED] at the relevant time and thus a connected party for the purposes of the Listing Rules. The submissions received assert that [*name of NED] and the Company were unaware of the extent of the relationship between [*name of individual] and [*name of NED]'s sister until alerted by the Division. The nature of that relationship was subsequently confirmed in [*name of NED]'s submission dated [*day *month *year].
        5. However, on [*day *month *year], the Company announced that the Purchaser and [*name of individual] entered into a formal termination agreement with the Company on [*day *month *year]. The Acquisition had been terminated because [*name of individual] could not procure the necessary approval from the [*name of authority] and [*name of authority] for the registration of the Purchaser as the owner of [*name of company] according to the time schedule set out in the Acquisition Agreement. There is no reference to the connected relationship being part of the reason for the termination.
        6. On [*day *month *year], the Company announced that the Compensation Payments of approximately [*amount] (including the consideration of [*amount] and the interest penalty of [*amount]) in connection to the termination of the Acquisition had been fully received by the Company in [*month *year].
        7. On [*day *month *year], [*name of NED] retired as a non-executive Director of the Company.

        Comment

        1. The prima facie evidence available to us from the material referred to above suggests that [*name of individual] was in fact a connected person of the Company at the time the transaction was entered into in [*month *year].
        2. The Division notes the assertion in [*name of NED]'s and the Company's Submission that [*name of NED] and the Company were not aware of the actual nature of the relationship between [*name of individual] and [*name of NED]'s sister at the relevant time i.e. [*month] to [*month *year]. The Division also notes the Company's submission that [*name of NED] was not involved in the negotiation leading to the signing of the agreement with [*name of individual]. As a non-executive Director, [*name of NED] was only notified at the time of the preparation of the Acquisition Announcement, when his view and declaration of interests in the transaction was sought.
        3. Based on the materials available, in the Division's view, there is prima facie evidence to suggest that the Company did not comply with Rules 2.13, 14A.35, 14A.36, 14A.46 and 14A.48 of the Listing Rules as the Company (i) did not comply with the announcement, circular and shareholders' approval requirements under the Listing Rules at the time when the potential connected transaction was entered into and (ii) published announcements on [*day] and [*day *month *year] which contained information which is potentially inaccurate, incomplete and misleading in relation to this transaction.
        4. However, having considered the materials we have decided to take no further action in relation to this matter. In coming to this decision, the Division has noted the following factors arising subsequent to the events described above giving rise to regulatory concern:
        (a) the Acquisition was subsequently terminated in [*month *year] and the Company received a refund of the consideration together with penalty interest. It appears therefore that shareholders' financial interests may not have been prejudiced, although their ability to consider and make informed investment decisions may have been prejudiced in the circumstances of this case; and
        (b) [*name of NED] has since retired as non-executive director of the Company on [*day *month *year] and consequently the connected relationship no longer exists. There is a presumption that [*name of NED] was best placed to enquire and establish the precise extent of the relationship that existed. Any breach is to some extent a function of his efforts to address this issue.

        Guidance

        Nevertheless the Division continues to have concerns as to the Company's ability to identify and manage connected relationships and we believe that the following guidance may be useful to inform your compliance processes and decision making in the future.

        1. The Company's attention is drawn to the definition of connected person set out in Rule 14A.12(2)(a), which includes "a person cohabiting with him [a connected person described in rule 14A.07(1), (2) or (3)] as a spouse... ". When a transaction is proposed to be entered into by the Company with a person and the Company is on notice that this person has a relationship with a person referred to in Rules 14A.07(1) to (3), the Company should:
        (a) make more detailed enquiries as to whether the such relationship falls within the definition of connected person under Rule 14A.12(2)(a); and
        (b) consult with the Exchange and/or external lawyers as to whether the person falls within the definition of a connected person.
        In this connection we would observe that the Company placed total reliance on the representation made by [*name of NED]. The information he provided should in our view have alerted the Company to make further and more detailed enquiries of [*name of individual] to ascertain and verify the representation made by [*name of NED]. It is possible that such enquiries may have alerted the Company to compliance issues. If the acquisition had not been terminated for the reasons given, it is possible that the Company could have been exposed to regulatory action because of the failure to identify and address the compliance issues arising from the relationship.
        2. If this has not yet been done, it is advisable that the Company puts in place procedures to ensure compliance with Chapter 14A of the Listing Rules. Such procedures may include:
        (a) establishing a list of connected persons of the Company, with a periodic review, to ensure that the list is kept up-to-date;
        (b) ensuring that all transactions are cleared by the Corporate Governance Committee, which is responsible for overseeing the Company's corporate governance matters; and
        (c) seeking professional advice (for example from the Company's Compliance Advisor) before transactions are entered into.
        3. We are also concerned by the inaccurate announcements made by the Company on [*day] and [*day *month *year]. Pursuant to Rule 2.13, any announcement made by the Company must be accurate and complete in all material respects and not be misleading or deceptive. Where the Company is subsequently made aware that material information provided to the public in an announcement is inaccurate, incomplete and/or misleading, the Company is advised to report the same to the Exchange immediately and issue a clarification announcement as soon as practicable. We would recommend that the Company should reflect on the lessons to be learnt from the circumstances described in this letter and implement appropriate changes to ensure that appropriate checks and balances are installed by which the accuracy of information given to shareholders and the market is ensured.
        4. We would also remind you that the announcement, circular and shareholders' approval requirements of connected transactions must be satisfied by an issuer before or at the time when the issuer enters into the transaction, not after the transaction has already been entered into. The Company's attention is drawn to the following:
        (a) Rule 14A.35 of the Listing Rules requires an issuer to announce the connected transaction as soon as practicable after its terms have been agreed; and
        (b) Rule 14A.36 also requires the connected transaction to be made conditional on approval by independent shareholders.

        Invitation to Comment

        We invite the board of directors of the Company to comment on this letter if they wish. Your submission, together with this letter, will be placed on the Company's compliance file. No further action will be taken in respect of this matter which is now considered closed.

        Publicity

        We wish to inform you that, at an appropriate time, the Division may, in the discharge of its regulatory function, publicize certain facts and guidance given in this letter. This would be done on an anonymous and redacted basis, to explain our views on the issues raised by this case for the benefit of the market as a whole. If such disclosure is made it may be published on our website and in our quarterly publication "Exchange".

        Yours faithfully,
        For and on behalf of
        The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited

        [Signed]
        [Authorised Signatory]

      • LEGL01-08

        View Current PDFView Current PDF

        HKEx LISTING ENFORCEMENT GUIDANCE LETTER
        Cite as HKEx-LEGL01-08 (November 2008)

        Summary
        Listing Rule Main Board Listing Rule 2.13(2)
        Subject Guidance on arrangements to maintain effective accounting procedures and controls following the implementation of revised accounting standards
        Contents Extracts of a No Further Action (Guidance) letter from an authorised signatory of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong

        [*Date]

        [Name and Address of Listed Issuer]


        Dear Sirs,

        [Name of Listed Issuer] (the "Company", together with its subsidiaries, the "Group")
        No Further Action: Guidance

        We refer to earlier correspondence concerning the captioned matter resting with your letter dated [*day *month *year].

        Materials Reviewed

        The Listing Division (the "Division") refers to the following materials which have been reviewed:

        1. the Company's announcements of various dates [* dates of the announcements];
        2. the Company's interim report for the 6 months ended [*day *month *year] (the "Interim Report");
        3. the Company's letters dated [*day *month *year], [*day *month *year] and [*day *month *year] to the Division;
        4. the 2 Reports of Factual Findings and Recommendations dated [*day *month *year] and [*day *month *year] prepared by [*]; and
        5. the Company's letters dated [*day *month *year], [*day *month *year] and [*day *month *year].

        Thank you for the information and materials provided by the Company which enabled the Division to have a clearer understanding of the matter.

        Facts

        1. In the Company's announcement dated [*day *month *year] (the "Announcement"), the Company disclosed and admitted that there were misstatements (the "Misstatements") concerning the amount of the Group's unaudited net profit from ordinary activities attributable to shareholders in the Group's announced results for the quarter ended [*day *month *year], the six months ended [*day *month *year], and the nine months ended [*day *month *year] (collectively referred to as the "Financial Results"), as follows:
        (a) The amount as previously reported in the Company's results announcements (i.e. the Misstatements): [*the respective amounts]; and
        (b) The properly restated amount: [*the respective amounts].
        2. The Misstatements in respect of the Group's results for the 6 months ended [*day *month *year] also appeared in the Company's Interim Report.

        Analysis

        1. Based on the materials made available, the Division understands that the Misstatements were a result of cumulative failings on the part of the Company, including the following:
        (a) not maintaining a separate [*nature of accounting document] as part of its basic accounting records;
        (b) failure by the Company's management responsible for the proper functioning of the Company's accounting team and systems (and also the Company's auditors, [*name of the Company's auditors]) to detect this weakness;
        (c) not raising the issue of the absence of [*nature of accounting document] with the Company's Audit Committee or the Board;
        (d) no formal engagement of the Company's auditors at the material time to assist the Company's Accounting Department in ensuring that the consequences of adoption of HKAS [*number] were comprehensively addressed; and
        (e) a fundamental conceptual error on the part of the relevant accounting staff in preparing, reviewing and approving the journal entries for the [*relevant] investment portfolio.
        2. Having reviewed the materials made available to the Division, and in view of the circumstances of the matter, the Division is of the view that cumulative failures may in other circumstances lead to disciplinary action against the Company.
        3. However, in the circumstances of this case, the failures may not have been material from the perspective of Rule 2.13 and consequently no further action will be taken in respect of this matter. The Division notes, in particular, the Company's submission that the Misstatements did not have any material impact on the fundamental financial position of the Company, and the Misstatements of the profit and loss accounts were counter-balanced by corresponding understatements in the reserves. Further, the fact that [*another regulatory body] has decided not to pursue this matter has also been taken into account. In addition the Listing Division has taken advice on the materiality of the Misstatements from an independent analyst in the [*relevant industry] sector working for a firm with an international name and reputation. The analyst's views broadly support the position adopted by the Company.

        In the circumstances, the Division has decided not to take any further action on the matter. However, the Division is of the view that it is appropriate that this guidance letter be issued to you.

        Guidance

        1. The Division is of the view that it is of utmost importance that a listed issuer has in place an effective accounting system to ensure that accurate periodic financial reports are prepared and published for the company's shareholders and the investing public in a timely manner. This will contribute towards maintaining a fair and orderly market for the trading of a listed issuer's securities. Accounting staff members of the Company should be properly supervised by experienced (and preferably professionally qualified) staff who in turn should report to the senior management, including the Audit Committee, on a regular basis.
        2. Whenever the Company considers the adoption of a new accounting policy or standard, the Company should seek, where deemed necessary, external professional advice, including advice on the steps which should be taken by the Company to ensure proper implementation of the new accounting policy. This would assist the Company's accounting department in ensuring that they fully understand and can address all issues arising from the adoption of the new accounting policy. It is advisable that where advice is sought, it should be clearly defined and set out in writing.
        3. In addition, it is incumbent upon the Company to provide regular and adequate internal or external training to all staff who are involved in accounting and financial reporting matters so that they are aware of the impact of new developments, and can prepare for the proper implementation of new accounting policies and standards.
        4. The Division would also draw your attention to section C of the Code of Corporate Governance Practices set out in Appendix 14 to the Listing Rules which provides further guidance on financial reporting and internal control matters. Code 3.2.1 provides that there should be at least an annual review of the effectiveness of the Company's internal control systems.
        5. In the Division's view, if the Company had followed the above-mentioned guidance, the Misstatements on the implementation of HKAS [*number] might have been prevented.

        Invitation to Comment

        [Portion of Letter Purposely Omitted] we invite the board of directors of the Company to comment on this letter if they wish. Your submission, together with this letter, will be placed on the Company's compliance file. No further action will be taken in respect of this matter which is now considered closed.

        Publicity

        We wish to inform you that, at an appropriate time, the Division may, in the discharge of its regulatory function, publicize certain facts and guidance given in this letter. This would be done on an anonymous and redacted basis, to explain our views on the issues raised by this case for the benefit of the market as a whole. If such disclosure is made it may be published on our website and in our quarterly publication "Exchange".

        Yours faithfully,
        For and on behalf of
        The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited

        [Signed]

        [Authorised Signatory]

    • 2007

      This section contains extracts of Listing Division's letters to issuers, interpreting the Listing Rules on specific listing matters.

      Rejection Letter (RL) – This series comprises a selection of letters explaining the Division's rejection of specific listing applications.

      No Further Disciplinary Action (Guidance) Letter (LEGL) - This series comprises a selection of letters issued following investigation of suspected breaches of the Rules and where the Division decided not to pursue disciplinary action. The letters communicate the Division's interpretation or expectations as to the conduct of an issuer and its directors and are now published for general guidance and to promote transparency about the disposal of potential disciplinary matters.

      Please visit Archive to view marked-up versions and versions that have been superseded or withdrawn.

      Date (mm/yyyy) Reference Number Particulars Listing Rules Document Type Content Category
      07/2007 RL23-07 Letter 1 - The Listing Division rejected the listing application of the Company for the reason that the Company was unable to comply with the minimum profit requirement under Listing Rule 8.05(1)(a) and the suitability requirement under Listing Rule 8.04. Letter 2 - The Listing Committee upheld the rejection decision of the Listing Division. Letter 3 - The Listing (Review) Committee reversed the decision of the Listing Committee, subject to certain specified conditions.

      (Withdrawn in April 2019)
      Rule 8.05(1) (a) Rejection Letter New Applicants
      07/2007 RL22-07 Letter 1 - The Listing Division rejected the listing application of the Company for the reason that the Company has not complied with the Listing Committee's requirement of increasing the shareholders' approval threshold for delisting and privatisation through scheme of arrangement or capitalisation to above the current minimum requirements. Letter 2 - The Listing Committee decided to overturn the decision of the Listing Division, subject to certain specified conditions.

      (Withdrawn in February 2020)
      Rule 2.04 Rejection Letter New Applicants
      02/2007 RL21-07 The Listing Committee rejected the listing application of the Company for the reason that the Group was not able to demonstrate that it is capable of carrying on its business independently of its controlling shareholders and therefore the Listing Committee considered the Group not suitable for listing as required by Listing Rule 8.04.

      (Withdrawn in March 2019)
      Rule 8.04 Rejection Letter New Applicants
      02/2007 RL20-07 Letter 1 - The Listing Committee considered the Company not suitable for listing under Listing Rule 8.04 because the Company's business model was effectively captive to another company which was both the source of its principal raw materials and its principal customer channel during the Track Record Period. The Listing Committee considered this to be an extreme case that could not be adequately addressed by corporate governance measures alone given the conflicting roles of the Company's controlling shareholder. Letter 2 - The Listing (Review) Committee decided to uphold the decision of the Listing Committee.

      (Withdrawn in March 2019)
      Rule 8.04 Rejection Letter New Applicants
      02/2007 RL19-07 The Listing Committee rejected the listing application of the Company for the reason that the Group should not be considered suitable for listing under Listing Rule 8.04 in light of that the change in the nature of the Company's revenue generating activities going forward was so fundamental as to affect its suitability for listing and was not a matter which could be dealt with solely by disclosure.

      (Withdrawn in March 2019)
      Rule 8.04 Rejection Letter New Applicants
      02/2007 RL18-07 Letter 1 - The GEM Listing Committee rejected the listing application of the Company for the reason that the Group should not be considered suitable for listing under GEM Listing Rule 11.06 in light of the various issues arising from an anonymous complaint relating to the Company's borrowings from its employees. Letter 2 -The GEM Listing (Review) Committee decided to overturn the decision of the GEM Listing Committee, subject to certain specified conditions.

      (Withdrawn in March 2019)
      GEM Rule 11.06 Rejection Letter New Applicants

    • 2006

      This section contains extracts of Listing Division's letters to issuers, interpreting the Listing Rules on specific listing matters.

      Rejection Letter (RL) – This series comprises a selection of letters explaining the Division's rejection of specific listing applications.

      No Further Disciplinary Action (Guidance) Letter (LEGL) - This series comprises a selection of letters issued following investigation of suspected breaches of the Rules and where the Division decided not to pursue disciplinary action. The letters communicate the Division's interpretation or expectations as to the conduct of an issuer and its directors and are now published for general guidance and to promote transparency about the disposal of potential disciplinary matters.

      Please visit Archive to view marked-up versions and versions that have been superseded or withdrawn.

      Date (mm/yyyy) Reference Number Particulars Listing Rules Document Type Content Category
      04/2006 RL16-06 Letter 1 - The Listing Division rejected the listing application of the Company for the reason that the Company had failed to demonstrate that the Company and its business were suitable for listing under GEM Listing Rule 11.06. Letter 2 - The GEM Listing Committee, subject to certain specified conditions, reversed the rejection decision of the Listing Division on review.

      (Withdrawn in March 2019)
      GEM Rule 11.06 Rejection Letter New Applicants
      04/2006 RL15-06 Letter 1 - The Listing Committee rejected the listing application of the Company for the reason that the Company was not considered to be suitable for listing as it had not put in place throughout the track record period the required controls and procedures on which it was relying on for listing eligibility purposes. Letter 2 - The Listing (Review) Committee reversed the rejection decision of the Listing Committee on review.

      (Withdrawn in March 2019)
      Rule 8.04 Rejection Letter New Applicants
      04/2006 RL14-06 Letter 1 - The Listing Division rejected the listing application of the Company for the reason that the Company was not able to satisfy the minimum profit requirement under Listing Rule 8.05(1)(a) after excluding: (i) the results of the Group's associated companies, (ii) the results of the Group's jointly controlled entities and (iii) deemed gain on dilution of the Group's investment in an associate. Letter 2: The Listing Committee upheld the rejection decision of the Listing Committee on review.

      (Withdrawn in April 2019)
      Rule 8.05 (1)(a) Rejection Letter New Applicants
      04/2006 RL13-06 Letter 1 - The GEM Listing Committee exercised its discretion under GEM Listing Rule 2.07 to request the Company to provide the Listing Division with detailed explanations regarding the issues raised by the GEM Listing Committee. The Company failed to address the concerns of the Listing Committee by providing the appropriate level of assurance to the Listing Division. The Listing Division therefore rejected the listing application of the Company. Letter 2: The GEM Listing Committee upheld the rejection decision of the Listing Division on review.

      (Withdrawn in March 2019)
      GEM Rule 2.07 Rejection Letter New Applicants
      04/2006 RL12-06 Letter 1 - The Listing Division rejected the listing application of the Company as the Company failed to satisfy the "capability of carrying on its business independently" requirement of Listing Rule 8.04. Letter 2 - The Listing Committee upheld the rejection decision of the Listing Division on review.

      (Withdrawn in March 2019)
      Rule 8.04 Rejection Letter New Applicants
      02/2006 RL10-06 A Main Board applicant failing to satisfy the profit requirements of Listing Rule 8.05(1)(a)

      (Withdrawn in April 2019)
      Rule 8.05 (1)(a) Rejection Letter New Applicants

    • 2005

      This section contains extracts of Listing Division's letters to issuers, interpreting the Listing Rules on specific listing matters.

      Rejection Letter (RL) – This series comprises a selection of letters explaining the Division's rejection of specific listing applications.

      No Further Disciplinary Action (Guidance) Letter (LEGL) - This series comprises a selection of letters issued following investigation of suspected breaches of the Rules and where the Division decided not to pursue disciplinary action. The letters communicate the Division's interpretation or expectations as to the conduct of an issuer and its directors and are now published for general guidance and to promote transparency about the disposal of potential disciplinary matters.

      Please visit Archive to view marked-up versions and versions that have been superseded or withdrawn.

      Date (mm/yyyy) Reference Number Particulars Listing Rules Document Type Content Category
      03/2005 RL9-05 A Main Board listing applicant failing to satisfy the profit requirement of Rule 8.05

      (Withdrawn in April 2019)
      Rule 8.05 Rejection Letter New Applicants
      03/2005 RL8-05 A GEM listing application failing to satisfy that it had a business of substance and potential for the purposes of GEM Rule 11.12, and that the listing applicant and its business were suitable for listing under GEM Rule 11.06

      (Withdrawn in March 2019)
      GEM Rules 11.06, 11.12 Rejection Letter New Applicants
      03/2005 RL6-05 A Main Board listing applicant failing to (a) satisfy the minimum requirement of 300 shareholders as at the date of listing as required under Rule 8.08(2); and (b) meet the expected market capitalization at the time of listing of at least HK$200 million as required under Rule 8.09(2)

      (Withdrawn in February 2020)
      Rules 8.08 (2), 8.09 (2) Rejection Letter New Applicants
      03/2005 RL5-05 A Main Board listing applicant failing to satisfy the "ownership continuity and control" requirement of Rule 8.05(1)(c)

      (Withdrawn in October 2017)
      Rule 8.05 (1)(c) Rejection Letter New Applicants
      03/2005 RL4-05 A GEM listing application raising concerns on consistency and reliability of information submitted to the Listing Division

      (Withdrawn in February 2020)
      GEM Rule 11.01 Rejection Letter New Applicants

    • 2004

      This section contains extracts of Listing Division's letters to issuers, interpreting the Listing Rules on specific listing matters.

      Rejection Letter (RL) – This series comprises a selection of letters explaining the Division's rejection of specific listing applications.

      No Further Disciplinary Action (Guidance) Letter (LEGL) - This series comprises a selection of letters issued following investigation of suspected breaches of the Rules and where the Division decided not to pursue disciplinary action. The letters communicate the Division's interpretation or expectations as to the conduct of an issuer and its directors and are now published for general guidance and to promote transparency about the disposal of potential disciplinary matters.

      Please visit Archive to view marked-up versions and versions that have been superseded or withdrawn.

      Date (mm/yyyy) Reference Number Particulars Listing Rules Document Type Content Category
      12/2004 RL3-04 A Main Board listing applicant failing to satisfy the profit requirements of Rule 8.05

      (Withdrawn in April 2019)
      Rule 8.05 Rejection Letter New Applicants