Entire Section

  • Valuations of properties situated outside Hong Kong

    • Additional provisions (8.10-8.11)

      • 8.10

        In the case of valuation reports in respect of properties situated outside Hong Kong, the Exchange reserves the right to impose additional or different conditions to those specified in rules 8.04 to 8.09.

      • 8.11

        Without prejudice to the generality of rule 8.10, rules 8.12 to 8.19 apply to properties situated in the PRC and rules 8.20 to 8.29 apply to properties situated outside Hong Kong (including those situated in the PRC).

    • Specific provisions with respect to PRC properties (8.12-8.17)

      • 8.12

        The valuation report of property located in the PRC must clearly state the nature of the interest being valued. The report must also specify any material conditions or information regarding title and other relevant matters contained in the legal opinion relating to the property.

        Note: In particular, the valuation report must clearly state whether the valuation is of a vested legal title or of a right to acquire a vested legal title to the relevant property or, for example, only right to occupy the property for a fixed period or to enjoy rent or other income arising from the property.

      • 8.13

        With respect to PRC properties:—

        (1) a long-term title certificate will be treated as the operative equivalent to the Hong Kong legal concept of vested title to the relevant property. The new applicant or listed issuer should confirm, with the benefit of a PRC legal opinion from a firm authorised by an appropriate authority in the PRC to advise in relation to listed companies, whether a long-term title certificate has been obtained by the relevant party in respect of the relevant property. The Exchange may require production of the title certificate and may require that it be made available for inspection; or

        Note: For the purposes of this rule and the other relevant provisions of this Chapter, the Exchange has a discretion to decide on whether or not any title certificate constitutes a "long term" title certificate under this rule.
        (2) in respect of a grant of land by a government land administration bureau in the PRC or with respect to a transfer of land use rights where the issue of a title certificate is pending, a properly approved land grant or land transfer contract in writing accompanied by a PRC legal opinion (as described in sub-paragraph (1) above) as to the validity of the approval may, in the case only of a listed issuer, be acceptable as evidence of a transferee's pending title to the land to be granted or transferred. The Exchange may require production of the approved contract and may require that it be made available for inspection.

      • 8.14

        Where property located in the PRC is held or being acquired for development and where the residual method is used as the primary basis for the valuation (see rule 8.24), the relevant party should obtain an acceptable PRC legal opinion (as described in rule 8.13(1)) which describes all consents, permits and regulations which need to be obtained or satisfied in respect of the development, or proposed development upon which any valuation is based. Such opinion should confirm whether and to what extent consent has been obtained for the proposed development and all such information should be included in the valuation report and in the relevant document.

      • 8.15

        In respect of PRC properties where long-term title certificates are not obtained by a new applicant or a listed issuer, any property revaluation surplus arising from those PRC properties must be excluded from all annual reports, accounts and other financial statements of the issuer and from the net tangible asset statement in any listing document or circular of the issuer.

      • 8.16

        Where the consideration for the grant of any long-term title certificate involves any obligation on the issuer to resettle or pay compensation to any occupier or former occupier of property forming the subject of the certificate or to any other persons or any obligation to construct or pay the costs of construction of public facilities, the valuation report must disclose details of any such obligation, to the extent that the same remains outstanding, and indicate, where relevant, its effect on the value of and title to the property.

        Note: If there is an outstanding obligation on the part of the issuer to transfer part of any property under development to the original occupier or other persons free of any payment, this matter must be disclosed and the valuer should confirm whether, in arriving at the value of the property, he has taken the same into account.

      • 8.17

        Except for companies with infrastructure projects accepted by the Exchange under rule 11.14(1) or otherwise, where the new applicant has interests in a joint venture company whose income stream is derived from a PRC property but the long-term title certificate for such property is not obtained by the joint venture company, no business valuation on the applicant's interests in the joint venture company may be included in the listing document.

    • Joint venture interests in PRC properties (8.18-8.19)

      • 8.18

        In the case of PRC property held by any joint venture entity or pursuant to some other form of joint arrangement, the legal opinions referred to in rules 8.13 and 8.14 should include a description of the significant terms of the joint venture, including a description of the equity and profit sharing arrangements of the parties. In addition, the opinion should state whether the joint venture entity has obtained all necessary licences to operate in the location where the property is situated. A summary of the content of such opinion should also be disclosed in any valuation report and in the relevant document.

      • 8.19

        Where a new applicant or listed issuer has or is proposing to acquire an interest in a joint venture entity, which, in turn, has or is proposing to acquire an interest in a property situated in the PRC, and where the property is beneficially owned or retained by one of the parties to the joint venture and does not vest in the joint venture entity itself, and where the new applicant or listed issuer has or is intending to acquire some right to occupy the property from the relevant party to the joint venture or to enjoy income or profit therefrom, then the legal opinions referred to in rules 8.13 and 8.14 should also confirm:—

        (1) the exact nature of the interest in the joint venture entity which the new applicant or the listed issuer has or is proposing to acquire;
        (2) whether the terms of any joint venture agreement provide for the transfer of the legal title to the property to the joint venture entity and the status of such transfer;
        (3) whether the right which the new applicant or the listed issuer has or is intending to acquire is capable, as a matter of PRC law, of being granted by the party in whom legal title to the property is vested;
        (4) whether and to what extent the right acquired or to be acquired is enforceable in the PRC and whether it will be freely transferable by the new applicant or the listed issuer to any third party; and
        (5) whether all relevant regulatory approvals have been obtained.

    • Contents of valuation report (8.20-8.21)

      • 8.20

        Where the relevant property has been valued on an open market basis, but such valuation is not by reference to comparable market transactions, the valuer may be required to discuss and disclose in the valuation report the assumptions underlying the open market valuation method in the context of the market in which the property is situated. Valuers may be asked to justify the assumptions they have made in the valuation report particularly where local market conditions or legal circumstances may differ greatly from those in Hong Kong.

      • 8.21

        Where the property the subject of the valuation report has been valued on an open market basis and by reference to the residual method, the valuation report should:

        (1) state this fact;
        (2) describe the valuation method used together with a brief description of that method in simple language;
        (3) provide a statement showing:—
        (a) gross development value of the various components in the proposed development with an explanation of any comparables used and the adjustments made to arrive at the figure for gross development value;
        (b) construction costs based on the report of a properly qualified quantity surveyor as referred to in rule 8.23;
        (c) all fees charged or to be charged;
        (d) interest charges;
        (e) developer's profit; and
        (f) any other component or comparable figure used in the residual method; and
        (4) describe the assumed development potential for the relevant property, including relevant plot ratios. Any approval or any indication from any competent authority which differs from the development potential or plot ratios assumed by the valuer should be set out in the valuation report. If no relevant approval has been obtained from a competent authority the valuer should state the source of and the basis of the assumptions used.

    • Income or profit method of valuation (8.22)

      • 8.22

        Where relevant property (or part thereof) has been valued through use of the profit or income method of valuation, the valuation report should in addition state the assumptions upon which this method is based and whether there is any comparable market evidence, for example, in the case of a hotel, of room rates and occupancy levels in the same or similar location to the relevant property.

    • Valuation by residual method (8.23-8.25)

      • 8.23

        Where the valuation figure is derived through use of the residual method, the new applicant and/or listed issuer should, in addition to obtaining the valuation report, instruct a professionally qualified quantity surveyor acceptable to the Exchange to verify the estimated costs of carrying out the development. The report of the quantity surveyor should be included together with the valuation report.

      • 8.24

        Where valuations are required under Chapter 8 of these Rules and where the primary method for valuing a property is the residual method, the Exchange may require the directors of the issuer or, in the case of a connected transaction, the independent directors, to include a statement in a prominent position in the relevant document with respect to the valuation of any property held for investment, development, future development and sale. In such statement the directors/the independent directors must:—

        (1) critically discuss and assess the assumptions made by the valuer as disclosed in the valuation report for the aforesaid categories of property and the material effect that any variation of those assumptions may have on the valuation figure;
        (2) critically discuss the effect of any material conditions affecting the status of the legal title to any such property as disclosed in any legal opinion obtained in respect of such property;
        (3) describe in the case of property in the process of being developed or held for future development, and where the valuation is based on the expected sale value of the completed development, the exact stage at which any proposed development has reached; and
        (4) describe all known relevant local taxes which may be charged in respect of any proposed property development project and explain how such taxes could affect the calculation of developer's profit contained in any calculation pursuant to the residual method, and the consequent effect on any valuation figure.

      • 8.25

        Where the residual method is used, the valuation report should include a general warning statement in substantially the following form:

        "Warning statement
        The valuation arrived at has not been determined by reference to comparable market transactions which is the most reliable method for valuing property assets and the most common method used for valuing properties in Hong Kong. In contrast, because of the lack of comparable market transactions in the locality in which the subject property is situated, this valuation has used the residual method which is generally acknowledged as being a less reliable valuation method. The residual method is essentially a means of valuing land by reference to its development potential by deducting costs and developer's profit from its estimated completed development value. It relies upon a series of assumptions made by the valuer which produce an arithmetical calculation of the expected current sale value as at [date] of a property being developed or held for development or redevelopment. Where the property is located in a relatively under-developed market such as [place] those assumptions are often based on imperfect market evidence. A range of values may be attributable to the property depending upon the assumptions made. While the valuer has exercised its professional judgement in arriving at the value, investors are urged to consider carefully the nature of such assumptions which are disclosed in the valuation report and should exercise caution in interpreting the valuation report."

        Note: Where property assets represent or will represent substantially the whole or a majority of the assets of the new applicant or listed issuer and certain or all of those assets have been valued through use of the residual method, the warning statement set out in this rule must also appear or be referred to in the "Risk Factors" section of the relevant document.

    • Accountancy treatment (8.26)

      • 8.26

        In all cases where a valuation report is required, the Exchange may also require the directors to describe the accounting treatment to be adopted in respect of any property assets situated outside Hong Kong.

    • Notifiable transactions (8.27)

      • 8.27

        Where in any transaction which falls within rules 19.06, 19.06B or 19.06C, the relevant party intends to contribute capital or to contribute to or become liable for all or part of the cost of development of any property project or development, or to any company or venture involved in any development project, then the Exchange:
        (1)    may require further disclosure of how such capital contribution or development costs have been derived;
        (2)    may require an independent valuation report, even if such report is not expressly required under Chapter 8; and
        (3)    may consider taking account of such capital or cost contributions when considering whether the transaction falls within any of the categories of notifiable transactions referred to in rules 19.06, 19.06B or 19.06C.

    • Connected transactions (8.28)

      • 8.28

        In the case of connected transactions, where the valuer has relied upon information supplied by a connected person this should be clearly stated in the valuation report and the extent to which the valuer has independently verified this information should be set out prominently in the relevant document.

    • Date and cost of original acquisition (8.29)

      • 8.29

        Where the property the subject of the valuation has been acquired within 5 years of the date of valuation, the new applicant or the listed issuer should supply to the valuer for inclusion in his report the relevant date and cost of acquisition and the total costs expended on the property, which should be included alongside the current valuation figure.