For the purposes of this Chapter unless otherwise stated or the context otherwise requires:—
(1) terms signifying the singular include the plural and vice versa;
(2) the term mineral includes solid fuels; and
(3) the following terms have the meanings set out below:—
|"CIMVAL"||Standards and Guidelines for Valuation of Mineral Properties endorsed by the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, February 2003 (final version) as amended from time to time.|
|"Competent Evaluator"||a Competent Person undertaking valuations that satisfies rule 18A.23.|
|"Competent Person"||a person that satisfies rules 18A.21 and 18A.22.|
|"Competent Person's Report"||the public report prepared by a Competent Person on Resources and/or Reserves, in compliance with this Chapter (rules 18A.18 to 18A.33) and the applicable Reporting Standard, as modified by this Chapter.|
|"Contingent Resources"||those quantities of Petroleum estimated, at a given date, to be potentially recoverable from known accumulations by application of development projects, but which are not currently considered to be commercially recoverable due to one or more contingencies.|
|"Feasibility Study"||a comprehensive design and costing study of the selected option for the development of a mineral project in which appropriate assessments have been made of realistically assumed geological, mining, metallurgical, economic, marketing, legal, environmental, social, governmental, engineering, operational and all other relevant factors, which are considered in enough detail to demonstrate at the time of reporting that extraction is reasonably justified and the factors reasonably serve as the basis for a final decision by a financial institution to finance the development of the project.|
|"Indicated Resource"||that part of a mineral Resource for which tonnage, densities, shape, physical characteristics, grade and mineral content can be estimated with a reasonable level of confidence.|
|"Inferred Resource"||that part of a mineral Resource for which tonnage, grade and mineral content can be estimated with a low level of confidence. It is inferred from geological evidence, sampling and assumed but not verified geological and/or grade continuity.|
|"IOSCO Multilateral MOU"||the International Organisation of Securities Commissions Multilateral Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Consultation and Co-operation and the Exchange of Information dated May 2002 as amended from time to time.|
|"JORC Code"||the Australasian Code for Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves (2004 edition), as published by the Joint Ore Reserves Committee, as amended from time to time.|
|"Major Activity"||an activity of an issuer and/or its subsidiaries which represents 25% or more of the total assets, revenue or operating expenses of the issuer and its subsidiaries. Reference should be made to the issuer's latest audited consolidated financial statements.|
|"Measured Resource"||that part of a mineral Resource for which tonnage, densities, shape, physical characteristics, grade and mineral content can be estimated with a high level of confidence.|
|"Mineral or Petroleum Assets"||mineral assets and/or Petroleum assets or the equivalent as defined in either CIMVAL, the SAMVAL Code, or the VALMIN Code.|
|"Mineral Company"||a new applicant whose Major Activity (whether directly or through its subsidiaries) is the exploration for and/ or extraction of Natural Resources, or a listed issuer that completes a Relevant Notifiable Transaction involving the acquisition of Mineral or Petroleum Assets.|
|"Natural Resources"||mineral and/or Petroleum.|
|"NPVs"||net present values.|
|"NI 43-101"||also referred to as National Instrument 43-101, the (Canadian) Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects, including Companion Policy 43-101, as amended from time to time.|
|"Petroleum"||a naturally occurring mixture consisting of hydrocarbons in the gaseous, liquid or solid phase, as further defined in PRMS.|
|"Possible Reserves"||those quantities of Petroleum which analysis of geoscience and engineering data suggest are less likely to be recoverable than Probable Reserves.|
|"Pre-feasibility Study"||a comprehensive study of the viability of a mineral project that has advanced to a stage where the mining method, for underground mining, or the pit configuration, for an open pit, has been established and an effective method of mineral processing has been determined. It includes a financial analysis based on realistically assumed or reasonable assumptions of technical, engineering, legal, operating, economic, social, and environmental factors and the evaluation of other relevant factors which are enough for a Competent Person, acting reasonably, to determine if all or part of the mineral Resource may be classified as a mineral Reserve.|
|"PRMS"||the Petroleum Resources Management System published by the Society of Petroleum Engineers, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, World Petroleum Council, and Society of Petroleum Evaluation Engineers in March 2007, as amended from time to time.|
(1) with regard to minerals, the economically mineable part of an Indicated, and in some circumstances, a Measured Resource.
(2) with regard to Petroleum, those quantities of Petroleum which analysis of geoscience and engineering data show are less likely to be recovered than Proved Reserves but more certain to be recovered than Possible Reserves.
|"Prospective Resources"||those quantities of Petroleum estimated, as of a given date, to be potentially recoverable from undiscovered accumulations.|
(1) with regard to minerals, the economically mineable part of a Measured Resource.
(2) with regard to Petroleum, those quantities of Petroleum, which, by analysis of geoscience and engineering data, can be estimated with reasonable certainty to be commercially recoverable, from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under defined economic conditions, operating methods, and government regulations.
|"Recognised Professional Organisation"||a self-regulatory organisation of professional individuals in the mining or Petroleum industry which admits individuals on the basis of their academic qualifications and experience, requires compliance with professional standards of competence and ethics established by the organisation and has disciplinary powers including the power to suspend or expel a member.|
|"Relevant Notifiable Transaction"||a transaction that falls into one of the classifications set out in rules 19.06(3) to (6), namely a major transaction, very substantial disposal, very substantial acquisition and reverse takeover.|
a recognised standard acceptable to the Exchange, including:
(1) the JORC Code, NI 43-101, and the SAMREC Code, with regard to mineral Resources and Reserves;
(2) PRMS with regard to Petroleum Resources and Reserves; and
(3) CIMVAL, the SAMVAL Code, and the VALMIN Code, with regard to valuations.
(1) with regard to minerals, the economically mineable part of a Measured, and/or Indicated Resource, taking into account diluting materials and allowances for losses, which may occur when the material is mined. Appropriate assessments to a minimum of a Pre-feasibilty Study must have been carried out. Mineral Reserves are sub-divided in order of increasing confidence into Probable Reserves and Proved Reserves.
Note: Although the term mineral Reserve is used throughout this Chapter it is recognised that the term ore reserve is used in the JORC Code.
(2) with regard to Petroleum, those quantities of Petroleum anticipated to be commercially recoverable by the application of development projects to known accumulations from a given date forward under defined conditions.
(1) with regard to minerals, a concentration or occurrence of material of intrinsic economic interest in or on the Earth's crust in such form, quality and quantity that there are reasonable prospects for their eventual economic extraction. The location, quantity, grade, geological characteristics and continuity of a mineral Resource are known, estimated or interpreted from specific geological evidence and knowledge. Mineral Resources are sub-divided, in order of increasing geological confidence, into Inferred, Indicated and Measured Resources, as defined in the JORC Code.
(2) with regard to Petroleum, Contingent Resources and/ or Prospective Resources.
|"SAMREC Code"||the South African Code for the Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves (2007 edition), as amended from time to time.|
|"SAMVAL Code"||the South African Code for the Reporting of Mineral Asset Valuation (2008 edition), as amended from time to time.|
|"Scoping Study"||a preliminary evaluation of a mineral project, including an assessment of the economic viability of mineral Resources. Scoping Studies should include forecast production schedules and cost estimates based on data under which the Resources are identified.|
|"VALMIN Code"||the Code for the Technical Assessment and Valuation of Mineral and Petroleum Assets and Securities for Independent Expert Reports (2005 edition) as prepared by the VALMIN Committee, a joint committee of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, the Australian Institute of Geoscientists and the Mineral Industry Consultants Association, as amended from time to time.|
|"Valuation Report"||the public valuation report prepared by a Competent Evaluator on Mineral or Petroleum Assets in compliance with this Chapter (rule 18A.34) and the applicable Reporting Standard, as modified by this Chapter. It may form part of a Competent Person's Report.|