In this Chapter the following definitions apply:

"asset-backed securities" debt securities backed by financial assets which, at the time of the relevant issues, are evidenced by agreements and intended to produce funds to be applied towards interest payments due on the securities and repayment of principal on maturity, except those debt securities which are directly secured, in whole or in part, on real property or other tangible assets
"bearer securities" securities transferable to bearer
"convertible debt securities" debt securities convertible into or exchangeable for equity securities or other property and debt securities with non-detachable options, warrants or similar rights to subscribe or purchase equity securities or other property attached
"debt issuance programmes" issues of debt securities where only part of the maximum principal amount or aggregate number of securities under the issue is issued initially and a further tranche or tranches may be issued subsequently
"debt securities" debenture or loan stock, debentures, bonds, notes and other securities or instruments acknowledging, evidencing or creating indebtedness, whether secured or unsecured and options, warrants or similar rights to subscribe or purchase any of the foregoing and convertible debt securities
"listed debt securities" debt securities that are listed on the Exchange
"Professional Investor"
(a) For a person in Hong Kong a professional investor as defined in Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the Securities and Futures Ordinance (including those prescribed by rules made under section 397 of that Ordinance); or
(b) For a person outside Hong Kong, a professional investor is a person to whom securities may be sold in accordance with a relevant exemption from public offer regulations in that jurisdiction
"State" Includes any agency, authority, central bank, department, government, legislature, minister, ministry, official or public or statutory person of, or of the government of, a state or any regional or local authority thereof
"State corporation" any company or other legal person which is directly or indirectly controlled or more than 50 per cent. of whose issued equity share capital (or equivalent) is beneficially owned by, and/or by any one or more agencies of, a State (which does not include any regional or local authority) or all of whose liabilities are guaranteed by a State or which is specified as such from time to time by the Exchange
"stock exchange" Any stock exchange that is a member of the World Federation of Exchanges
"Supranational" any institution or organisation at a world or regional level which is specified from time to time by the Exchange